Sure, hard facing pertains to thermal spray, though it is more on the subject of depositing 'filler' components onto a metal surface area for maintenance or dimensional restoration. And, normally, these enhancements relate with promoting wear resistance, on your own.
But do you realize these 'overlays' of materials may also donate to corrosion prevention, lower friction, galling or anti-fretting, even release (non stay) properties? That which was formerly created for rebuilding worn components or people that have machining errors is currently extending into many areas of surface engineering.
Related: Hvof Thermal Spray Coating, Tungsten Carbide Coating On Steel
The principle of applying thermal spray is fairly basic. That's, molten or semi-molten metals, alloys, or ceramics, atomized, are usually fed toward the continuing work piece by way of a jet blast of air.
As these contaminants impinge the work surface, they dissipate their high temperature, cooling quickly, building up, fusing right into a cast-want structure referred to as cohesive highly. Resultant surface area finishes, as-sprayed, variety between 100 and 400 micro inch typically. So, based on requirements, complete grinding or polishing may be required. (Ideals under 10 micro in . have become much attainable.)
Related Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tungsten_carbide
What forms of materials could be applied by thermal spray? The solution is most metals, ceramic, cermet(ceramic-metal combinations), tungsten carbide, organic-based compounds such as polyesters even.
Adhesion, generally mechanical (versus metallurgical), is great. Grit blast, as a way of surface planning, is typical to greatest promote adhesion. Though tensile strength could be superior with higher temperature procedures sometimes, depending on selection of material, through micro-welding or diffusion.
Common ways of application include HVOF (higher velocity oxygen flame), that is like the combustion powder thermal spray process (LVOF), though with an increase of density, more powerful bonds and lower residual tensile stress. Plasma spray and vacuum arc spray are usually popular also.
Here is a video link for more information about Tungsten Carbide Coating On Steel:
Applications continue steadily to grow with this particular technology. Food processing, product packaging, molding, plastics, chemical and paper processing, are a number of the newer just, relevant applications. (Many components are regarded non-objectionable with FDA.)
Ideally, search for thermal spraying processes with reduced heat transfer to your projects piece. To be sure your surfaces are free from warping just, surface distortion. Latest variations include 'higher kinetic power systems' to make sure highest density, particle-to-particle cohesive bonding. The full total result is long-lasting, cost-effective, surface performance.
Want to develop a new dimension to your surface area? Take a second appear at Thermal Spray!